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394                        THE kiON ANr> THE TIGER                       CHAP>
cannot climb. His roar (which is so suggestive, towards its end,
of that animal who once dressed himself up in his skin) is
literally after his prey. The Lion, it is stated, does not roar
except upon a full stomach. The Lion is mainly nocturnal in its
habits, and is said to be not in the least dangerous if unprovoked
in the daytime; but here again opinions differ. The tail of the
animal is provided at the extremity with a slight claw, but it
can hardly be sufficient for the animal to lash itself into a fury
with it. A Lion will live for thirty or forty years, and will breed
freely in captivity. The Gardens of the Zoological Society of
Dublin have been famed for their success in breeding Lions; but
more surprising still, this has been successfully accomplished in
travelling menageries. The " desert " colour of the Lion is familiar
to all. It is stated that the likeness to the parched soil of
certain parts of Africa is greatly heightened by black patches in
the mane, for in certain regions of that continent the arid yellow
of the general environment is diversified by pieces of black lava.
It is apparently a popular delusion to speak of the Maneless Lion
of G-uzerat. 3STo doubt maneless Lions do come from there, but so
do young and maneless Lions from other places; in short, it is
simply a question of age, and old Lions from the Asiatic continent
are as fully maned as those from Africa.
The Tiger, F. tigris, is an animal of about the same size as
the Lion, distinguished, of course, by the stripes. The skeletons
are much like those of other Cats ; but the skull of the
Tiger may be distinguished from that of the Lion by the fact
that the nasal bones reach back beyond the frontal processes of
the maxillae. The Tiger is an exclusively Asiatic beasfc, ranging
northward into icy Siberia. The northern individuals have a
closer fur, and have been quite unnecessarily separated as a
distinct variety. Nine feet six inches is the size of the average
full-grown Tiger; but the skins will stretch, a fact of which the
sportsman will sometimes take advantage. A " man-eater " is a
Tiger which has discovered " that it is far easier to kill a native
than to fount for the scarce jungle game." As with the Lion, the
accounts of travellers differ enormously, particularly with regard
to the strength of the creature. Some have said that a Tiger can
easily lift a full-grown bullock and leap with it in the month
over a considerable obstacle, a statement which is. ridiculed by
Sir Samuel Baker. Unlike the Lion, the Tiger can climb trees;